Here is an interesting documentary from a popular secular source, NOVA. Remember to be skeptical and do your research to study and evaluate the claims that you hear, be a Berean.
-Science works on an assumption that scientists are being truthful and their data is true.
-What percentage is acceptable in dealing with how many scientists cheat?
-Is 1% acceptable? .1%? What is the possible true percentage?
-Piltdown Man example
-“People believed in it, because they wanted to believe.”
-It was not until the 1950’s that it was disproven.
-This deceived almost a whole generation.
-“Sometimes cultural bias overwhelms scientific objectivity.”
-Organized skepticism is important.
-Burt’s faked psychology testing.
-Breuning’s work on medicine and the behavior of “mentally retarded” people.
-Sometimes the results are very clear and most often data can be interpreted in many ways.
-You should do further research and more experiments, but you might not want to take that extra time, effort and MONEY.
-“It doesn’t take much to cook the data.”
-You have to rely on the ‘Truthfulness’ of the data that is recorded.
-Fraudulent or sloppy work can still be published through any publisher.
-With over 1 million papers being written each year, most are not read or important.
-repeating studies is not worth it and if you do repeat a study, and the results are different, there are too many variables usually to disprove the previous papers.
-Scientists are not surprised with the idea that fraud is happening.
-90% of the scientists that have ever lived were alive in that time.
-You can’t get ahead, get tenure, or advance if you are unsure of the results of your experiment…so scientists have learned to make their results worth something – often even if their data isn’t conclusive.
-The environment of the scientific community lends itself to making more out of your data than it really says.
-Even young students lied about their results.
-Scientists have signed their names on as many papers as possible so that they can be more advanced.
-Robert Slutsky had many fraudulent and questionable papers.
-Standard deviations (errors) are often made smaller so that the results look better.
-We don’t assume that someone we know is being fraudulent, especially if they are of higher rank than you or if they are well respected.
-Whistle-blowing can be dangerous for your own reputation.
-“We cannot have cheating and fraud in Medical research!”
-This should be ethically required, legally required, and morally required.
Other resources for this topic:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scientific_misconduct (use discretion in believing Wikipedia…and all of these sources)
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